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    災難醫學

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    災難中的兒童救護
    原作者: Andrea Tenner, 肖鋒譯 發布日期:2013-10-30

    Title: Pediatric Care in Disasters
    題目:災難中的兒童救護
    Author 作者: Andrea Tenner

    General Information一般資料:
    50% of victims in man-made and natural disasters are children.
    50 %的人為和自然災害的受害者是兒童。
    In low and middle income countries (where 95% of disasters occur), children are particularly vulnerable.
    在低到中等收入國家(95 %的災害發生地) ,兒童特別容易受到傷害。
    Early responders must be well versed in caring for pediatric diarrheal disease, acute respiratory tract infections, measles, malaria, severe bacterial infections, malnutrition, micronutrient deficiencies, injuries, burns and poisonings with few resources.
    早期反應者必須了解在資源不充足情況下,如何救治小兒腹瀉病,急性呼吸道感染,麻疹,瘧疾,嚴重的細菌感染,營養不良,微量元素缺乏,受傷,燒傷和中毒。
    Pediatric specific triage systems have been developed to aid in resource allocation during mass casualty responses.
    針對小兒的分流系統已經產生,以幫助在大規模傷亡時的資源分配。
    Pediatric patients are singularly vulnerably to exploitation, abuse and trafficking during disaster, particularly when they are separated from their families.
    在災難過程中,小兒患者最容易被利用,虐待和販賣,尤其是當他們與家人失散后。

    Bottom Line:

    Many US based emergency medicine physicians are keen to respond to international disasters.  A clear understanding about the particular risks to children during disaster response are critical in order to care for the most vulnerable of disaster victims.
    許多美國急診醫師都熱衷于參加國際災害救援。為了照顧最脆弱的災民,救災期間清楚地了解與兒童有關的特定風險是至關重要的。
    References 參考文獻:
    Rothstein, D. Pediatric Care in Disasters. Pediatrics. 2013, 132;25.

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